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47.101 Policies.

47.101 Policies.

      (a) For domestic shipments, the contracting officer shall authorize shipments on commercial bills of lading (CBL’s). Government bills of lading (GBL’s) may be used for international or noncontiguous domestic trade shipments or when otherwise authorized.

      (b) The contract administration office (CAO) shall ensure that instructions to contractors result in the most efficient and economical use of transportation services and equipment. Transportation personnel will assist and provide transportation management expertise to the CAO. Specific responsibilities and details on transportation management are located in the Federal Management Regulation at 41 CFR parts 102-117 and 102-118. (For the Department of Defense, DoD 4500.9-R, Defense Transportation Regulation.)

      (c) The contracting officer shall obtain traffic management advice and assistance (see 47.105) in the consideration of transportation factors required for-

           (1) Solicitations and awards;

           (2) Contract administration, modification, and termination; and

           (3) Transportation of property by the Government to and from contractors’ plants.

      (d)

(1) The preferred method of transporting supplies for the Government is by commercial carriers. However, Government-owned, leased, or chartered vehicles, aircraft, and vessels may be used if-

                (i) They are available and not fully utilized;

                (ii) Their use will result in substantial economies; and

                (iii) Their use is in accordance with all applicable statutes, agency policies and regulations.

           (2) If the three circumstances listed in paragraph (d)(1) of this section apply, Government vehicles may be used for purposes such as-

                (i) Local transportation of supplies between Government installations;

                (ii) Pickup and delivery services that commercial carriers do not perform in connection with line-haul transportation;

                (iii) Transportation of supplies to meet emergencies; and

                (iv) Accomplishment of program objectives that cannot be attained by using commercial carriers.

      (e) Agencies shall not accord preferential treatment to any mode of transportation or to any particular carrier either in awarding or administering contracts for the acquisition of supplies or in awarding contracts for the acquisition of transportation. (See subparts  47.2 and 47.3 for situations in which the contracting officer is permitted to use specific modes of transportation.)

      (f) Agencies shall place with small business concerns purchases and contracts for transportation and transportation-related services as prescribed in part  19.

      (g) Agencies shall comply with the Fly America Act, the Cargo Preference Act, and related statutes as prescribed in subparts  47.4, Air Transportation by U.S.-Flag Carriers, and 47.5, Ocean Transportation by U.S.-Flag Vessels.

      (h) When a contract specifies delivery of supplies f.o.b. origin with transportation costs to be paid by the Government, the contractor shall make shipments on bills of lading, or on other shipping documents prescribed by Military Surface Deployment and Distribution Command (SDDC) in the case of seavan containers, either at the direction of or furnished by the CAO or the appropriate agency transportation office.